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Basic knowledge of printing&dyeing

1. Pulling frame:

Lycra comes from lycra, which is cantonese for "pull frame". Namely spandex fiber, or sometimes which refers to spandex cloth. For example: cotton knitting frame, is added spandex fiber cotton knitwear.

2. Code making:

That is, the quality of the bulk goods cannot meet the requirements of the customer, but in order to ship the goods, we will take a few yards of cloth for special treatment to meet the quality requirements of the customer, which is to make a fake.And then send it to the customer for testing, and we will ship the goods.

3. Gram color:

Black, is pronounced ha'en in cantonese as it's called in Hong Kong.


Khaki, from Persian for dust.Imagine the color of dust. Khaki is a color between a light tan and a medium beige, so khaki is also a proxy for color.


Transliteration, is a ductile angular translucent or milky white crystalline resin, which is the common name of Polyamide.the English name of Polyamide (referred to as PA), is the general name of thermoplastic resin containing repeated amide groups on the main chain of molecules -- [NHCO].

6. Laser-drawing:

The color is deep, through the agent for shallow stripping treatment!

7.AC coating:

Also known as acrylic coating,PA coating, is commonly used in Taiwan. Because its main chemical ingredients are acrylic esters, and acrylic raw materials are relatively similar, some people will be mistaken for acrylic coating.

8.Foot water:

The waste liquid (residue) after dyeing.

9.Composite cloth:

A variety of knitwear with polyester in the middle, but the TT/CC two sides can be the same or different. Some are called health cloths.

10. firewood:

The fabric in the rope dyeing machine is entangled and knotted, so it can't run normally.

11.Pick up:

Generally refer to the rolling car with liquid rate.

12.Guest version (guest sample) :

Standard samples provided by customers.

13.Aurora print:

It is the high brightness strip flower with inclined direction on the face of the chemical fiber cloth, which is not printed but in the processing process, because the cloth is a little ruched at high temperature. Uneven cloth surface after dismounting.

14.Light jumping:

When two color samples (standard sample contrast sample) are matched, the phenomenon of the same color under one light source and different color under another light source; It's isochromatism, or conditional isochromatism

15.Flower feather:

Because the equipment is not clean, in the dyeing process, the fiber of other colors adheres to the yarn or cloth surface to form color spots or spots, which can be removed with the nail, and the removed parts become white spots or spots.

16.Rotten cotton:

Is T/C burning cotton, color when the cotton will be dissolved by strong acid, used for the color of polyester.Sulfuric acid is generally used to break cotton.

17.Color plate:

Plate refers to the color sample, according to the customer's sample color.Color plate refers to color samples, customer samples.

18.Leader cloth:

Refer to guide cloth, finalize and dye the long car operation, guide and add the front end of finished cloth.

19.White dragon:

Refer to continuous open width long car front treatment.

20.Head pan:

An axis of cloth.


In other words, the silicone oil can be removed by adding soda water at high temperature.

22.Cook soap:

Guangdong area called boiled soap is actually post - treatment soap washing.

23.Sharp dyeing:

When wool is dyed, the tips do not show color.

24.Ring dyeing:

Refer to the outer fiber color, internal color.section is a ring.

25.Fishing machine, pot:

On the version, when color is OK, let the workers out of the cylinder.


South Korea's factory tube cotton soaping called flat.

27.Head office :(prow office, ship sample)

It is the clothes that cloth shop often USES small head crock kind or head crock kind do, and often can hear a client in dyehouse or follow order member to say so. Generally, it refers to pre-shipment sample or rack sample.

28.Hair oil: 6+

Specifically refer to the water and oil, the name of Japanese enterprises.

29.Flash of color:

Blended fabric (such as polyester cotton) two-phase color is different, and it looks like the cloth surface light and dark color light, especially light and dark, like the stars in the sky.

30.Hands and feet:

The name of guangdong which refers to the ship sample of cheating.

31.Silicon removal:

When silicone softener is used for hand finishing, the spread of silicon emulsion on the fiber is uneven, resulting in a sticky feeling, commonly known as silicon removal.


It’s the color flower, in the tube yarn dyeing tube corner appears colored flowers phenomenon, the original known as jiazhong.


Fabric weight per square metre.

34.Door width:

The fabric is wide in width.

35.Cylinder dragging:

In order to clear the VAT when the VAT for color change useless white cloth or light cloth with a little detergent point temperature washing cylinder to drag cylinder.

36.Great flower:

Hank yarn cabinet cylinder unique a color flower, due to the mistakes caused by the operation of the cylinder workers.

37. Inclined pipe:

It’s the horizontal high temperature and pressure dyeing machine (as shown below).

38.The ant knit:

It is cloth face where  fine protuberance or furrow appears.

39.Skirt wrinkles:

The elastic of the weft.

40. hot:

General use 80 degrees hot water washing.


A pattern of discoloration in a blend.

43.Set of cotton:

That is, in the blended fiber dyed one of the first fiber, and then dyed another, such as dyed polyester cotton set, which is, dyed polyester cotton; What set of what is after dye.


Also called gossamer; The yarn of fabric will be foreign body hook out a circular.

45.Try pulp (sizing) :

The finishing prescription for the feeling of finishing is collectively referred to as "slurry water".


It’s to use very little paint additive, P is the abbreviation of Pigment, in order to fine tune colours.

47.Additive color:

Generally refer to dyeing or printing color deviation, and then paint, reactive dyes to correct the color light.

48. Disclosure:

The cloth that contains pull frame is dyed brunet hind pull frame is not coloured, pull apart cloth can see white pull frame, call show white;

49. Lukin:

The cloth that contains pull frame is dyed brunet hind pull frame smooth on yellow pull apart cloth to be able to see golden color pull frame (spandex yarn), see commonly at dyeing black when.


Required number of color samples, Lab/Dip color; Shade band is cylinder piece, mass sample.

51. Color matching cylinder:

To the customer's standard do direct dyeing, do not make small sample.

52.Fastness to soaking:

It means to dip a piece of dyed cloth in a liquid of specified volume, specified time and specified temperature to see the color change of the liquid.

53.With double color:

Two fibers are dyed in different colors, such as polyester and cotton.


Stain directly out of the VAT according to the laboratory formula.

55.According to proper:

It is to take photos with digital camera and upload emails to customers after the samples are finished.

56.Stop block:

After finishing equipment downtime, fabric color change of the temperature change caused by machine.

57.Internal stripping for 30 seconds:

Cheese dyeing, lining have off color, to peel off some yarn. Also called "scrap underside".

58.A new reinforcement:

Spandex elastic fabric spandex fracture phenomenon.

59.Blue hair, red hair:

Bluish light (red head means red light)

60.Fire line:

It’s continuous pad dyeing of infrared dryers, non-contact drying, and general migration of little or no migration.

61.Horizontal and cobweb marks:

Horizontal marks appear after dyeing and cobweb marks appear before processing.

Cross marking is the dyeing process in the pressure roller diameter is uneven or uneven pressure, spider web printing is estimated to be due to the amount of steam with insufficient liquid.


Fast sulfonyl dye is a mixture of primer and color based diazosulfonate.

63.White core:

Printing paste viscosity is too high and cloth wool is low to make the cloth printing color slightly like a white star.


Clearing is washed feet water clear dye or paste.

65.Floss :

It is to point to this kind of fiber and fabric big body do not belong to same fiber, in weaving or before the work procedure is brought accidentally, the flower wool silk that shows after dyeing.

66. B/F

Color confirmation before finishing.After B/F,the cloth can be sent to the next step (B: before, F: finishing).


When two different colors are put together to make clothes, it is necessary to consider the problem of interpenetration of different colors on clothes. The detection of this interpenetration is called color fastness.

68.Orders to send:

A minor strain.

69.Over steam:

Before the board, always listen to the master steam,which is called steam.

70.Burnt flowers:

With a piece of alkali rotten polyester.

71. Glazing:

Generally refer to the leather fabric surface of a layer of brightener, and it can be washed, but also directly spray.

72.Floating oil:

The demulsification. Generally, it refers to the appearance of large oil droplets, soiled cloth surface and rollers in the post-finishing soft finishing process due to the poor emulsifying effect of softener and the integration of hydrophobic silicone oil droplets.


VAT dye, from the English: indanthrene.

74.Moisture regain:

Generally refer to the fabric or yarn that has just been shaped or dried, which will return to its natural color and feel after cooling.

Hangzhou Chungyo Chem Co., Ltd.


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